The 10 Best Places To Visit In Erzurum

Erzurum, a city steeped in history and culture, is a hidden gem in the eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. It’s a place where every corner tells a story, and the landscapes are as breathtaking as the tales of old. I’ve had the pleasure of exploring this city’s nooks and crannies, and let me tell you, it’s a traveler’s delight. From ancient landmarks to winter sports, Erzurum offers a unique blend of attractions that beckon visitors from around the globe.

1. Palandöken Mountain

When you think of Erzurum, the majestic Palandöken Mountain often Springs to mind. It’s a paradise for ski enthusiasts, boasting some of the longest and steepest trails in the world. I’ve hit the slopes here more times than I can count, and the thrill never fades. The mountain is not just for winter sports; during the off-season, it’s a haven for hikers and nature lovers.

2. Çifte Minareli Medrese

The Çifte Minareli Medrese, with its iconic twin minarets, is a testament to Seljuk architecture. This 13th-century theological school is a marvel to behold. Its intricate stone carvings and grandeur speak volumes about the city’s rich past. I often find myself gazing at its detailed façade, pondering the craftsmanship of ancient stonemasons.

3. Yakutiye Medrese

Another architectural wonder is the Yakutiye Medrese. Now a museum, this structure dates back to 1310 and showcases artifacts that paint a vivid picture of Erzurum’s history. I’ve walked its halls and felt transported back in time, surrounded by the echoes of scholars who once studied here.

4. Ulu Camii (Grand Mosque)

The Ulu Camii, or Grand Mosque, built in 1179, is a pillar of Erzurum’s religious history. Its simple yet imposing structure is a fine example of Seljuk architecture. I’ve sat in its peaceful courtyard, absorbing the serenity that fills this sacred space.

5. Erzurum Castle

Perched atop a hill, Erzurum Castle guards the city like a silent sentinel. The climb to the castle is a journey through time, with each step revealing more of the city’s storied past. The view from the top? Simply unparalleled. It’s a spot where I’ve lost track of time, gazing at the panoramic vistas.

6. Tortum Waterfall

A bit of a drive from the city center, Tortum Waterfall is a spectacle of nature. It’s the largest waterfall in Turkey, and its thunderous roar is music to the ears. I’ve picnicked nearby, basking in the mist and marveling at the sheer force of the water.

7. Three Tombs (Üç Kümbetler)

The Three Tombs, or Üç Kümbetler, are an enigmatic trio of mausoleums. Their origins are shrouded in mystery, which only adds to their allure. I’ve circled them, intrigued by their unique conical roofs and the stories they might hold.

8. Nenehatun National Park

For a breath of fresh air, Nenehatun National Park is the place to be. It’s a lush expanse of greenery where you can hike, picnic, or simply enjoy the tranquility. I’ve spent countless hours here, each visit revealing something new and delightful.

9. Atatürk House Museum

History buffs will appreciate the Atatürk House Museum. This well-preserved building offers a glimpse into the life of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey. I’ve walked through its rooms, each one a chapter from a pivotal moment in Turkish history.

10. Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque

The Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque is a stunning piece of Ottoman architecture. Its elegant minaret and spacious interior are a sight to behold. I’ve attended a service here, enveloped in the communal spirit that fills this beautiful mosque.


  • What’s the best time to visit Erzurum for skiing?

    The ski season in Erzurum typically runs from December to April. January and February are often the best months for powder snow, making them ideal for skiing enthusiasts.

  • Are there any local dishes I should try in Erzurum?

    Absolutely! Don’t miss out on trying “cağ kebabı,” a delicious skewered lamb dish that’s a local specialty. And for dessert, “kadayıf dolması” is a must-try sweet treat.

  • Is Erzurum suitable for family travel?

    Yes, Erzurum offers a variety of experiences for all ages. From historical sites to natural parks, there’s something for everyone in the family to enjoy.


Erzurum is a city that’s rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. It’s a destination that offers an array of experiences, from the adrenaline rush of skiing down Palandöken Mountain to the tranquility of Nenehatun National Park. The city’s landmarks, like the Çifte Minareli Medrese and Ulu Camii, are not just structures but storytellers of a bygone era. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or just looking for a unique travel experience, Erzurum’s top 10 places are sure to leave a lasting impression. So pack your bags, and get ready to explore the wonders of this enchanting Turkish city.

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