How to Invest in Real Estate Through a Tenant-in-Common (TIC) Ownership Structure

How to Invest in Real Estate Through a Tenant-in-Common (TIC) Ownership Structure

Real estate investing offers various strategies for building wealth, and one such approach is investing through a Tenant-in-Common (TIC) ownership structure. This article will provide an in-depth look at TIC investing, its benefits and drawbacks, and how to navigate the process successfully. We’ll also explore case studies and statistics to help you make informed decisions about this investment strategy.

Understanding Tenant-in-Common (TIC) Ownership

A Tenant-in-Common (TIC) ownership structure allows multiple investors to own a share of a single property. Each investor holds a separate and undivided interest in the property, which can be sold, transferred, or inherited independently. The following points highlight the key aspects of TIC ownership:

  • Each investor owns a percentage of the property, not a specific unit or section.
  • Investors can have different ownership percentages based on their investment amount.
  • TIC owners share the responsibility of property management, expenses, and decision-making.
  • Income and expenses are distributed according to each owner’s percentage interest.

Benefits of Investing in Real Estate Through a TIC Ownership Structure

Investing in real estate through a TIC ownership structure offers several advantages, including:

  • Lower Investment Threshold: TIC investments allow investors to enter the real estate market with a smaller initial investment compared to purchasing an entire property.
  • Diversification: Investors can diversify their real estate portfolio by owning shares in multiple properties with different characteristics, locations, and risk profiles.
  • Shared Responsibilities: TIC owners share the burden of property management, maintenance, and decision-making, which can be beneficial for investors with limited experience or time.
  • Potential Tax Benefits: TIC investments may qualify for tax-deferred exchanges under Section 1031 of the Internal Revenue Code, allowing investors to defer capital gains taxes when exchanging one TIC property for another.

Drawbacks of TIC Ownership

While TIC ownership offers several benefits, it also comes with potential drawbacks, such as:

  • Limited Control: Investors may have limited control over property decisions, as they must collaborate with other TIC owners.
  • Management Conflicts: Disagreements among TIC owners can lead to conflicts and delays in decision-making, impacting the property’s performance.
  • Illiquidity: TIC interests can be challenging to sell, as they require finding a buyer willing to purchase a fractional interest in a property.
  • Financing Challenges: Obtaining financing for TIC investments can be more difficult than traditional property loans, as lenders may view them as riskier investments.

How to Invest in a TIC Property

Investing in a TIC property involves several steps, including:

  1. Research: Begin by researching TIC properties and investment opportunities, focusing on factors such as location, property type, and potential returns.
  2. Due Diligence: Conduct thorough due diligence on the property, including reviewing financial statements, property condition, and market analysis.
  3. Legal and Tax Advice: Consult with legal and tax professionals to understand the implications of TIC ownership and ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations.
  4. Financing: Secure financing for your TIC investment, either through traditional lenders or alternative financing options such as private loans or crowdfunding.
  5. Property Management: Establish a property management plan, either by hiring a professional property manager or collaborating with other TIC owners.

Case Study: Successful TIC Investment

In 2018, a group of five investors purchased a multi-unit residential property in San Francisco through a TIC ownership structure. Each investor contributed a different amount, resulting in varying ownership percentages. The investors worked together to manage the property, make improvements, and increase rental income. Over two years, the property’s value increased by 15%, and the investors successfully sold their TIC interests for a profit.

Statistics on TIC Investments

  • According to a 2020 study by the National Association of Realtors, TIC investments accounted for approximately 2% of all commercial real estate transactions in the United States.
  • TIC investments are most common in high-cost real estate markets, such as California and New York, where property prices can be prohibitive for individual investors.
  • A 2019 survey by the TIC Association found that 75% of TIC investors reported positive experiences with their investments, citing benefits such as diversification, shared responsibilities, and potential tax advantages.


Investing in real estate through a Tenant-in-Common (TIC) ownership structure can be a viable strategy for investors seeking diversification, lower investment thresholds, and shared responsibilities. However, it’s essential to be aware of the potential drawbacks, such as limited control, management conflicts, and financing challenges. By conducting thorough research, due diligence, and seeking professional advice, investors can navigate the TIC investment process and potentially achieve success in this unique real estate strategy.

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Kurby Team

The Kurby Content Team is a diverse group of seasoned real estate experts dedicated to providing insightful, reliable information for homebuyers, real estate investors, and real estate agents. With backgrounds ranging from real estate brokerage, property investment, and residential home buying, our team combines decades of experience with a passion for demystifying the real estate world. We at Kurby are committed to helping you make informed, successful real estate decisions. Whether you're a first-time homebuyer, a seasoned investor, or a real estate professional, count on the Kurby Content Team to deliver the most relevant, actionable real estate content you need.

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