Can landlords charge for water in Ohio?

Can Landlords Charge for Water in Ohio?

As a landlord in Ohio, you may be wondering if you can charge your tenants for water usage. With water and sewer fees on the rise in the state, it’s essential to understand the legalities surrounding this issue. In this article, we will explore the regulations governing water charges in Ohio, discuss the different methods for billing tenants, and provide valuable insights for real estate investors, homeowners, first-time home buyers, and real estate agents.

Understanding Ohio’s Water Billing Regulations

Ohio law allows landlords to charge tenants for water usage, provided certain conditions are met. According to the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) Section 5321.04, landlords must:

  • Provide written notice to the tenant that they will be responsible for water charges.
  • Ensure that the rental property has a separate water meter for each unit.
  • Charge the tenant only for their actual water usage, as determined by the meter readings.

It’s important to note that these regulations apply to both residential and commercial properties. Failure to comply with these requirements can result in legal disputes and potential penalties for landlords.

Methods for Billing Tenants for Water Usage

There are several ways landlords can bill tenants for water usage in Ohio. The most common methods include:

1. Submetering

Submetering involves installing separate water meters for each rental unit, allowing landlords to accurately measure each tenant’s water usage. This method is the most transparent and fair, as tenants are billed based on their actual consumption. However, it can be costly to install and maintain submeters, especially in older properties.

2. Ratio Utility Billing System (RUBS)

RUBS is a method of allocating water costs among tenants based on factors such as the number of occupants, square footage, or a combination of both. While RUBS is less accurate than submetering, it is more cost-effective and easier to implement. However, it’s essential to ensure that the allocation method used is fair and reasonable to avoid disputes with tenants.

3. Flat Fee

Some landlords choose to charge a flat fee for water usage, either as part of the rent or as a separate charge. This method is the simplest to implement but may not accurately reflect each tenant’s water consumption. It’s crucial to set a reasonable flat fee that covers the property’s water costs without overcharging tenants.

Pros and Cons of Charging Tenants for Water Usage

Before deciding whether to charge tenants for water usage, landlords should weigh the advantages and disadvantages:


  • Encourages water conservation: Tenants who pay for their water usage are more likely to be mindful of their consumption, leading to lower overall water costs for the property.
  • Recoups expenses: Charging tenants for water usage helps landlords recover the costs associated with water and sewer fees, reducing the financial burden on the property owner.
  • Attracts responsible tenants: Tenants who are willing to pay for their water usage are often more responsible and conscientious, leading to a better tenant-landlord relationship.


  • Increased administrative tasks: Billing tenants for water usage requires additional record-keeping and administrative work for landlords.
  • Potential disputes: Charging tenants for water usage can lead to disagreements over billing accuracy and fairness, potentially resulting in legal disputes.
  • Upfront costs: Installing submeters or implementing a RUBS system may require an initial investment, which landlords must weigh against the potential benefits.

Best Practices for Charging Tenants for Water Usage

To ensure a smooth and fair process when charging tenants for water usage, landlords should follow these best practices:

  • Clearly outline water charges in the lease agreement, including the billing method and payment terms.
  • Provide tenants with regular water usage reports, helping them monitor their consumption and identify potential leaks or other issues.
  • Implement water conservation measures, such as installing low-flow fixtures and providing information on water-saving practices, to reduce overall water costs for the property.
  • Communicate openly with tenants about water charges and address any concerns or disputes promptly and professionally.


In summary, landlords in Ohio can charge tenants for water usage, provided they comply with the state’s regulations and implement a fair and transparent billing method. By carefully considering the pros and cons of charging tenants for water and following best practices, landlords can create a mutually beneficial arrangement that promotes water conservation and recoups expenses. Ultimately, understanding and navigating Ohio’s water billing regulations is essential for real estate investors, homeowners, first-time home buyers, and real estate agents looking to succeed in the state’s rental market.

Kurby Team

The Kurby Content Team is a diverse group of seasoned real estate experts dedicated to providing insightful, reliable information for homebuyers, real estate investors, and real estate agents. With backgrounds ranging from real estate brokerage, property investment, and residential home buying, our team combines decades of experience with a passion for demystifying the real estate world. We at Kurby are committed to helping you make informed, successful real estate decisions. Whether you're a first-time homebuyer, a seasoned investor, or a real estate professional, count on the Kurby Content Team to deliver the most relevant, actionable real estate content you need.